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重庆快乐十分

假如你是李华。你校交换生Nancy想学写中国毛笔字,请你给她推荐书法老师和书法课。请根据下面的写作要点给她写一封邮件。内容包括:

1.介绍老师的情况

2.授课时间和地点

3.课前准备事项

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

参考词汇: 写毛笔字brush writing (n.) ; 书法calligraphy(n.)

Dear Nancy,

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua

 

文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线(__),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。2、只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Boys and girls,

May I have your attention, please? I have anything important to tell you. Next Sunday afternoon, our class is going to hold an English story-telling competition in the lecture hall.

Everybody is required to present at that time. Two foreign teacher will be invited to act as judges. The activity will benefit from you in many ways. For example, it will give us a good chance to practicing your oral English and train your communication skills. However, it will inspire your interest at English. The requirements are as follows. First, the story must be origin.

That is, the story must be made out by yourself. Second, the story must be presented in English.

Third, your story should be finished within three minutes.

That’s all. Thank you!

 

语篇语法填空

Qing Ming 1.(associate) with Jie Zitui, who lived in Shanxi province in 600 B.C. Legend goes that Jie saved his starving lord's life by serving a piece of his own leg. When the lord 2.(success) in becoming the ruler, he invited his 3.(faith) follower to join him. However, Jie turned down his invitation, 4.(prefer) to lead 5. simple life with his mother in the mountain.

Believing that he could force Jie out by burning the mountain, the lord ordered his men to set the forest 6. fire. To7. astonishment, Jie chose to remain 8. he was and was burnt to death. 9.(remember) Jie, the lord ordered all fires in every home to be put out on the anniversary of Jie's death. Thus began the "cold food feast", a day when no food could be cooked since no fire could 10.(light).

 

单句改错

1.According to the weather forecast, the weather will change for the good and we can go on a spring outing as scheduled.

____________________________

2.Have the scientist known that the creature he created was so ugly and frightening, he wouldn’t have spared no effort to work on it.

____________________________

3.All of sudden, the scientist threw himself on the bed in his clothes, trying to have a fast sleep after working for 24 hours on end.

____________________________

4.On April 15th, Notre Dame cathedral (巴黎圣母院), which dates back to 1163, was seriously damaged by a big fire. The authorities have promised that they will have it rebuild.

____________________________

5.Izzie’s story was made into an inspired film, encouraging more people to believe that they can be something else.

____________________________

6.During the carnival, hundreds of thousands of tourists packed the streets, dancing with music and enjoying the happy moment.

____________________________

7.How I wish we can make full use of alternative energy, for gas and coal will run out one day.

____________________________

8.Boeing CEO Dennis Muilenburg issued an apology, admitting that the reason why the plane had crashed was because there had been something wrong with its flight control system.

____________________________

9.Paul caught a glimpse of his friend while pushed his way through the crowds.

____________________________

10.After reading the passage, I knew why it was J. K. Rowing gave away her handwritten and illustrated books to the six key people.

____________________________

 

首字母填空

1.Twitter launched several campaigns to a__________ some charity events, like helping to build classrooms in Tanzania.

2.The handwritten and illustrated book by J. K. Rowling was u__________ sold for £ 1. 95 million, although it had been expected to be sold for £ 50,000.

3.James MacDonald wrote to an institution because he was looking for s__________ who could donate money to a charity project. And in return they can gain positive publicity.

4.The radio presenter was confused by Emma’s idea of teenagers’ three powers over politics, for it sounds quite abstract. Emma gave some c__________ examples to illustrate it. For example, number power is that teenagers account for 15% of the population.

5.Teenagers should do something green. They’d better buy r__________ stuff which was once thrown away as rubbish but could be used again after being specially processed.

6.Izzie’s epic running left a deep impression on ordinary people and experts a__________, all of whom applauded his incredible achievement.

7.Some people d__________ flash mobs as ridiculous, claiming that it’s not art.

8.In the longest football match, the players s__________ 626 goals, raising enough money to build a school in India.

9.Not allowing my little daughter to go out alone at night, I a__________ her wherever she goes and she also feels safe with me.

10.Some people hold the view that there’s no p__________ in teenagers’ becoming involved in politics because they are too young to vote.

 

    How far would you go to make a good impression at a new job? A college student in Alabama walked 22 kilometers in the____to get to his new job.

Walter Carr’s____broke down the night before starting a new job at Bellhops, a furniture moving company. Several attempts as he made, Carr___ to find a ride. Knowing he couldn't afford to____it, he decided to walk and____how long it would take to walk to the job in Pelhain — 32 kilometers away. He left at midnight so that he could____it to the customer's house on time.

Carr had reportedly walked about 22 kilometers before the local police____in to help the young man. After hearing his___, they took him to breakfast. Then, they gave him a____to the home of customer Jenny Lamey, whom he was ___to help move that morning, before the rest of the____arrived.

“I asked Walter if he wanted to go___ and rest until everyone else arrived," said Lamey in a Facebook post, “He___ and said he could go ahead and get started." So, the family and Carr began __ up the home, chatting along the way.

He told Lamey that he and his mother___ from New Orleans to Birmingham after losing their __ in Hurricane Katrina, an extremely destructive and deadly one that___ the Gulf Coast of the U.S. in 2005.

“I just can’t tell you how___ I was by Walter and his journey. He is modest, kind, cheerful, hardworking and___ ." Lamey shared her story of Walter on Facebook. It spread __ , moving many others all over the world.

1.A. forest B. dark C. distance D. hurricane

2.A. vehicle B. health C. phone D. house

3.A. failed B. tried C. decided D. promised

4.A. believe B. deserve C. miss D. bear

5.A. write down B. look at C. think about D. figure out

6.A. reach B. make C. operate D. walk

7.A. stole B. cut C. stepped D. called

8.A. request B. opinion C. excuse D. story

9.A. ride B. signal C. map D. chance

10.A. allowed B. scheduled C. forced D. persuaded

11.A. customers B. policemen C. movers D. students

12.A. ahead B. outside C. upstairs D. home

13.A. hesitated B. laughed C. cried D. declined

14.A. taking B. packing C. checking D. breaking

15.A. moved B. escaped C. begged D. quarreled

16.A. way B. home C. mind D. furniture

17.A. approached B. exposed C. punished D. hit

18.A. amazed B. puzzled C. touched D. delighted

19.A. humorous B. patient C. generous D. tough

20.A. rapidly B. hardly C. normally D. suddenly

 

How to Raise Money for Your Favorite Charity

At the end of the year, we are often inspired to do more for people in need. 1.Don't worry. Here's a quick and easy tip-list to make such a worthy act successful.

2.You need to make sure that both you and your participants enjoy the event. So keep it simple and make sure that you add some fun, whether it's special decoration, a bag for each participant or guest, or a special theme.

Get team support.3.Teamwork may give you some new ideas and help give a unique feature to your event. Make sure that you break down the work among your team.

Plan for the “what-ifs?” If you are planning to hold an event outdoors, or if you are relying on a famous person as a guest of honor, make sure you think of a few possible alternatives.4.This is the key to successful event planning.

Timing is everything. Check your community calendar to make sure there are no important community events on the day that you are planning your event. You might want to check with other communities or non-profit organizations nearby.5.

Check out your favorite charity's website for ideas. Many websites offer advice on how to raise money. For example, the human rights charity Amnesty International lists events and ideas on its website.

A. Keep it fun and simple.

B. Tell the charity about the event.

C. Have no idea of where to begin?

D. Turn to friends for some creative ideas.

E. Remember to thank anyone who has donated.

F. Try to pick the date that will bring in the best attendance.

G. What if it starts raining or if your honored guest doesn't show up?

 

    A study showed that the experiences children have in their first few years are important . These experiences affect the development of the brain. When children receive more attention, they often have higher IQs. Babies receive information when they see, hear and feel things, which makes connections between different parts of the brain. There are a hundred trillion(万亿)connections in the brain of a three-year-old child.

Researcher Judit Gervain tested how good newborns are at distinguishing different sound patterns. Her researchers produced images of the brains of babies as they heard different sound patterns. For example, one order was mu-ba-ba. This is the pattern"A-B-B". Another order was mu-ba-ge. This is the pattern “A-B-C”. The images showed that the part of the brain responsible for speech was more active during the" A-B-B"pattern. This shows that babies can tell the difference between different patterns. They also were sensitive to where it occurred in the order.

Gervain is excited by these findings because the order of sounds is the building block of words and grammar."Position is key to language," she says. "If something is at the beginning or at the end, it makes a big difference:'John caught the bear.' is very different from 'The bear caught John.'”

Researchers led by scientist Patricia Kuhl have found that language delivered by televisions, audio books,the Internet, or smartphonesno matter how educationaldoesn’t appear to be enough for children’s brain development. They carried out a study of nine-month-old American babies. They expected the first group who’d watched videos in Chinese to show the same kind of learning as the second group who were brought face-to-face with the same sounds. Instead they found a huge difference. The babies in the second group were able to distinguish between similar Chinese sounds as well as native listeners. But the other babies regardless of whether they had watched the video or listened to the audiolearned nothing.

1.What makes connections in a baby’s brain?

A. Having a higher IQ. B. Experiencing new information

C. The baby’ early age D. The connection with other babies

2.What did Judit Gervain and her team find in the experiment?

A. Babies identify different sound patterns.

B. Word order is relevant to meaning.

C. Babies can well understand different words.

D. A certain brain region processes language.

3.What does the underlined sentence mean in Paragraph 3?

A. Grammar is important in learning languages.

B. Different orders have different meanings.

C. Different languages have different grammar.

D. Words have different sounds.

4.What is the main conclusion from the study led by Patricia Kuhl?

A. Babies shouldn’t watch a lot of television.

B. Listening to different languages develops babies’ brain

C. Foreign languages help babies’ brain develop

D. Social communication improves babies’ brain development.

 

A young woman sits alone in café sipping tea and reading a book. She pauses briefly to write in a nearby notepad before showing her words to a passing café waiter: “Where are the toilets please?” This is a familiar scene in Tokyo’s so-called “silent cafes”, where customers are not allowed to speak, and only communicate by writing in notepads.

The concept rises by a desire to be alone among young Japanese, a situation brought by economic uncertainly, a shift in traditional family support structures and the growing social isolation. The phenomenon is not limited to coffee shops but covers everything from silent discos, where participants dance alone wearing wireless headphones connected to the DJ, to products such as small desk tents designed for conversation-free privacy in the office. One Kyoto company even offers single women the opportunity to have a “one woman wedding” – a full bridal affair, complete with white dress and ceremony, and the only thing missing is the groom. The trend has its own media expression – “botchi-zoku”, referring to individuals who consciously choose to do things completely on their own.

One recent weekday afternoon, Chihiro Higashikokubaru, a 23-year-old nurse, travelled 90 minutes from her home, to Tokyo on her day off in order to enjoy some solo time. Speaking quietly at the entrance of the café, Miss Higashikokubaru said: “I heard about this place via Twitter and I like the idea of coming here. I work as a nurse and it’s always very busy. There are very few quiet places in Tokyo, and it’s a big busy city. I just want to come and sit somewhere quietly on my own. I’m going to drink a cup of tea and maybe do some drawings. I like the idea of a quiet, calm atmosphere.”

The desire to be isolated is not a new concept in Japan, home to an estimated 3.6 million “hikikomori” – a more extreme example of social recluses(隐士)who withdraw completely from society.

1.What is special about the “silent café”?

A. It provides various tea and books.

B. People are not allowed to communicate.

C. It has attracted many popular young people.

D. It offers service by writing not by speaking.

2.Which of the following accounts for the idea of being alone in Japan?

A. The increasing social isolation.

B. The stable economic situation.

C. The rising demand for privacy.

D. The rapid development of internet.

3.What do we know about Higashikokubaru?

A. She doesn’t like to be a nurse.

B. She doesn’t like the life in big cities.

C. She enjoys her solo time in a quiet place.

D. She travelled to Tokyo on her work days.

4.What is the best title of the passage?

A. Silent cafes    B. Lonely Japanese

C. One woman wedding    D. Social recluses in Japan

 

    I never planned to be a teacher. I was headed for a law school, for a real career. Teaching was something to “get out of my system”. I would teach a couple of years and then go to get a real job. After the first couple of years, I promised myself I would leave if I didn’t love my job any more. Twenty-nine years later, that day still has not come.

So, why do I stay? I stay because I laugh and learn every day. The children are funny, insightful, and honest. If my shoes don’t match my outfit, they tell me. If my argument that Invisible Man is an important twentieth century classics doesn’t convince them, they tell me.

I stay because every single day is different. Some days, my lessons are great, and I have classes of students who are engaged in reading, writing and thinking. Some days, my lessons fall flat, and I realize that I need to start from scratch — even after 29 years.

I stay because I love to see the children realize that they have learned something — whether it’s how to craft an argumentative thesis sentence or how to understand the effect of repetition in The Declaration of Independence. I love to see the children write well; I love the feeling of reading a well-argued essay, and I love smiling as I write a final “Awesome job!” on a paper on which a student has worked hard.

I stay because what I’ve learned in 29 years is that I do have a “real” job — the most real job there is. It’s the one that leads to other jobs, that helps to create good thinkers who go on to be productive in our society, and that supports our community as it grows and times change. My job is among the ones that matter most.

1.The author became a teacher because he ____________.

A. needed money to go to a law school B. loved dealing with children

C. loved teaching very much D. failed to get a “real” job

2.We can infer from Paragraph 2 that the author _________.

A. often pays no attention to his outfit B. is good at convincing his students

C. enjoys his time with his students D. doesn’t read many classics

3.According to Paragraph 4, the author continues to teach most probably because ________.

A. teaching makes him feel he can make a difference to children

B. teaching makes him realize every day is different

C. he can learn a lot of things from teaching

D. he likes to be praised by his students

4.What is the passage mainly about?

A. What the author has learned as a teacher.

B. What the author thinks of being a teacher.

C. Why the author didn’t choose to become a lawyer.

D. Why the author chooses to stay as a teacher.

 

    Aruba is one of the most well-known Caribbean destinations for tourists around the world.

You’re probably wondering what to include as well as what to wear while you’re in Aruba.

Clothes

The main reason why you’re heading there is to relax on the country’s fresh beaches and joy in warm waters of the Caribbean Sea. During most of the day, you’ll likely be wearing your swimsuit. When you’re finished at the beach or pool area, it is advisable to bring along a shirt or cover as well as shorts to wear.

It is not recommended to wear beach clothes when you go out for dinner – regardless of the time of day. Shorts and T-shirts are enough in many restaurants, although more formal clothes are advised for the fanciest eating establishments.

What else to bring?

The Caribbean sun is very strong and if you’re planning on spending lots of time in the sun, there are several precautions you must take. Include suncream, sunglasses, a wide hat, a couple of bathing suits, as well as a beach bag and a cooler in your luggage.

What NOT to bring?

While drinking water is questionable or not safe in many Caribbean nations, Aruba is an exception. Aruba is known for having the cleanest water in the world. There is no need to bring water, simply bring along an empty bottle.

Several items are prohibited in Aruba for carrying. These include firearms, e-cigarettes, as well as sharp objects and tools.

1.Tourists choose Aruba for a destination mainly because__________.

A. they can wear casual clothes freely

B. they can enjoy the beautiful scenery

C. they can relax on the beach and in waters

D. they can have a wonderful dinner party there

2.Which of the following is not advised to do in Aruba?

A. Wearing a T-shirt in a restaurant.

B. Preparing suncream in advance.

C. Wearing beach clothes for dinner.

D. Taking along sun glasses before going out.

3.The purpose of the text is to__________.

A. provide information for tourists

B. offer advice on travelling in Aruba

C. attract more tourists to travel in Aruba

D. warn tourists against doing wrong things

 

听下面一段独白。根据你所听到的内容,在空格中填入恰当的单词完成下面的短文,每空一词。

Dear Borg Fence,

I have been trying to get in 1. with you for weeks about my gate. You fixed it on September 29, but no one has called me back.

I was not able to be at home while the workers finished fixing the gate that day. Well, I came back to find that the gate had not been fixed properly. The problem is very 2.: the nails are not nailed in properly, so every piece of wood is slowly coming 3.. I know that this job was very small, but even small jobs should be done properly. Even though your workers had to complete another bigger job 4., they should still have paid attention to my fence. I already paid for the work, and I feel like you took 5. of me. Between my house at 1701 Coventry Lane and my mother’s house at 52 Ascott Circle, my family has given your company thousands of dollars in the past several months, and we 6. to be treated with more 7. than this.

I hope this can be resolved as soon as possible. Please call me at 745-898-8222 to let me know when I can 8. someone to come out here to make this right. Of course, I would prefer to handle this quietly, but if you do not 9. to this letter, I will be forced to take my case to the Better Business Organization and make a formal 10..

Best regards

Jasper Smith

 

听下面一段对话,其后有五个句子,请根据你所听到的内容判断其正误,如果句子正确,选A;如句子错误,选B

1.It was the first time for the man to shop in the store.

A. T B. F

2.The man wanted to buy his wife a birthday present.

A. T B. F

3.The diamond necklace was too expensive for the man.

A. T B. F

4.The budget for the gift was $1000.

A. T B. F

5.The man paid $720 for the gold necklace at last.

A. T B. F

 

听下面一段独白,回答以下小题。

1.Where did western culture begin?

A. In western Europe. B. In Ancient Greece. C. In Rome.

2.What influenced the North American culture most in recent centuries?

A. Arts. B. Science. C. Government.

3.What has provided a new source for western values?

A. Modem literature.

B. The moving population.

C. The invention of television and the Internet.

4.What is the speaker probably doing?

A. Giving a lecture. B. Conducting a TV show. C. Hosting a radio program.

 

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

1.When did the woman look at the photo albums last time?

A. Ten years ago. B. Twenty years ago. C. Thirty years ago.

2.How did the man recognize the woman in the first picture?

A. From her skirt. B. From her straight hair. C. From her smile.

3.How did the woman’s leg get injured in the second picture?

A. She hurt it while skiing.

B. She injured it in a car accident,

C. She had a bad fall two years earlier.

4.What is the relationship between the speakers?

A. Friends. B. Mother and son. C. Husband and wife.

 

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

1.What’s the woman’s impression of the man’s apartment?

A. It’s clean and tidy. B. It’s in a mess. C. It’s small but comfortable.

2.What’s the woman’s advice for the man’s problem?

A. Turn to his parents. B. Go to the laundry. C. Go to a restaurant.

3.What will the speakers do after the conversation?

A. Eat in a restaurant. B. Go to the cinema. C. Go to a concert.

 

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

1.When is Sherry’s birthday?

A. Tomorrow. B. The day after tomorrow. C. The day before yesterday.

2.What will the man and the woman buy for Sherry?

A. Some flowers. B. A record. C. Some chocolates.

 

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

1.What kind of novel does the man’s father like?

A. Detective novels. B. Historical novels. C. Romantic novels.

2.What does the man think of his father?

A. Humorous. B. Knowledgeable. C. Forgetful.

 

How does this woman think of her interview?

A. It was tough B. It was interesting C. It was successful

 

What are the speakers talking about?

A. A restaurant B. A street C. A dish

 

Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In a bank B. At a ticket office C. On the train

 

What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Colleagues B. Brother and sister C. Teacher and student

 

What does John find difficult in learning German?

A. Pronunciation B. Vocabulary C. Grammar

 

假定你是李华,你的新西兰朋友Terry没有进入学校唱歌比赛的决赛,感到非常伤心。请你给他写一封email,内容包括:

1.表示安慰;2.给予鼓励;3.提出希望。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Terry,

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(), 并在其下面写出该加的词。

删减: 把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。

修改: 在错词下面划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

When I was very young, my parents teach me the value of writing thank-you notes. Whenever they asked me to, I would roll my eyes and write it after birthdays and some festivals unwilling. Only after my grandmother passed away I realize their impact. My mom and I had the task of clean my grandmother’s house. I opened a drawer in her bedside table which I found a beautiful wooden box. I opened it but was shocked to see every card I had ever written to her. The impact of a moment stayed with me all my life. When I had children, they learned from the value of writing thank-you notes and still do so, even as grown adult.

 

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

People with colour blindness can’t see colours in a normal way. Colour blindness1.(affect) approximately 1 in 12 men and 1 in 200 women in the world.

There are various causes of colour blindness. For the majority of colour-blind people, the condition is something they have from 2.(bear), although some people get it later in life because of diseases.

Most colour-blind people can see things as clearly as other people, but 3. are unable to fully “see” red, green or blue light. There are different types of colour blindness and there are extremely rare cases 4. people are unable to see any colour at all. The 5.(common) form of colour blindness is red/green colour blindness. Although 6. (know) as red/green colour blindness, the form of colour blindness doesn't mean sufferers 7. (mere) mix up red and green. It means they mix up all 8. (colour) that have some red or green as part of the whole colour.

The effects9.colour blindness can be mild, moderate (中等的) or severe. Approximately 40% of colour blind people are even unaware that they’re colour blind. Statistically10.(speak), most people with a moderate form of red/green colour blindness can only identify 5 coloured pencils from a standard box of 24 pencil crayons.

 

    I was eleven years old when the fire broke out that year. I stood outside in just my underwear while I watched the _____ that I grew up in rapidly burn to the ____. A few minutes earlier I had been ____ asleep in my nice, warm bed when a ____ woke me up. My mum’s bedroom was just next to mine and my brother’s. A fire had broken out there and ____ her. While I stumbled(跌跌撞撞地走)around in the ____ and darkness, she ran from roomto room quickly waking everyone in the house. The house, however, was over 50 years old and made of wood. Before we could do anything the fire ____ it. We all barely _____ outside before the ____ engulfed(吞没) every room.

I stood there ____ while the fire destroyed my books, clothes, and toys. I watched    ___ while my mum cried and my Dad swore. I ____ what was going to happen to us   ___ we had lost all of our things. As I looked around, though, I realized something for the first time: The things that ____ aren’t things. I realized at that moment that we were all alive. ____ that was essential had ____ the fire. We would all be around to love each other for many years to come. And that was all that mattered.

I still think of that fire in the ____ that helped me to become who I am today. It showed me for the very first time what is truly ____ in this life. It helped me to learn that the love we ____ is far more important than the things we ____.

1.A. room B. house C. floor D. yard

2.A. ground B. field C. ashes D. ruins

3.A. loud B. quick C. good D. sound

4.A. call B. scream C. voice D. noise

5.A. caught B. frightened C. awakened D. denied

6.A. smoke B. fire C. light D. noise

7.A. spared B. possessed C. consumed D. found

8.A. got it B. made it C. put it D. tried it

9.A. flames B. dust C. silence D. fear

10.A. nodding B. watching C. trembling D. staring

11.A. curiously B. bravely C. peacefully D. helplessly

12.A. wandered B. wondered C. fancied D. amazed

13.A. now that B. enen if C. as if D. so that

14.A. rely B. mind C. matter D. value

15.A. Something B. Everything C. Nothing D. Anything

16.A. escaped B. saw C. survived D. passed

17.A. afternoon B. day C. morning D. night

18.A. basic B. reliable C. useless D. essential

19.A. share B. protect C. feed D. remember

20.A. apply B. aim C. support D. possess

 

    Thanks to world-famous Colombian writer Garcia Marquez, many people think of Latin America as a land of magic. In his books, impossible things happen.

1. It may come from the mix of different cultures and ethnicities (种族) in Latin America. Although some of these differences have caused conflicts, they have also been a source of beauty, as well as encouraged people in Latin America to be more open-minded.

Latin America includes more than 30 countries and areas located south of the United States in the American continent. From north to south, it starts from Mexico in North America, goes through the Caribbean and ends at the southernmost tip of South America.

Latin America’s environment is quite diverse. People can enjoy sunshine in the Caribbean islands, ride horses on the green grasslands of the Pampas, and explore volcanoes and snow-capped mountains in the Andes. 2. Many of the world’s most unique plants and animals live there.

There is also a diverse mix of people in Latin America. 3. In countries like Mexico and Colombia, over half of the population is of mixed ethnicity. However, most of them speakthe same languages — Spanish or Portuguese.

4. Latin American people have created the samba, rumba, cha cha and tango . These dance styles require dancers to hold each other closely and move passionately. 5.

Latin America is an open and romantic place. Its impressive natural environment, historical contributions and cultural traditions have made it unique and influential.

A. It has natives, Africans and Europeans.

B. Where does the magic in his books come from?

C. They are cheerful and can bring strangers together.

D. It even has the world’s biggest rainforest — the Amazon.

E. Many people in Latin America have open and romantic hearts.

F. The music and dance of Latin America are quite well-known.

G. To most people, Latin America is a land of happiness and passion.

 

    Angel Garcia Crespo is a computer engineer at Carlos III University of Madrid in Spain. His group has invented a new way for deaf-blind people to “watch” TV. The idea for the technology grew out of previous work by his group. The team had already worked on making audiovisual(视听的) materials accessible to people with either vision or hearing disabilities. But the group wanted to help people with both challenges. So they asked some deaf-blind people what would help.

In addition to relying on their sense of touch to communicate, deaf-blind people can also get and send information with a Braille line. The Braille system uses patterns of raised dots to stand for letters and numbers. A Braille line is an electronic machine with a changeable Braille display. Dots rise up or drop down based on the information sent to the machine.

Now the new system changes TV signals to data a Braille line can use. “The key to the system is the possibility of using subtitles(字幕) to collect TV information, ” Garcia Crespo explains. “Subtitles travel with the image(影像) and the audio in electromagnetic waves we don’t see. But an electronic system can keep those waves. ”

First, a computer program, or app, pulls out the subtitles and visual descriptions from the broadcast signal. The system then combines the information and changes both into data for Braille.

Now another app gets to work, which sends the data out to people’s Braille lines on demand. “This is done in real time, in less than a second, ” Garcia Crespo says. This lets a deaf-blind person “watch” TV as it’s broadcast. The system will work with various Braille lines, as long as there’s a bluetooth connection available. Now, the system is only used in Europe, and it should soon be available in the US.

1.What inspired Garcia Crespo’s group to work on the new technology?

A. Deaf-blind people’s poor life.

B. Their pity on the disabled people.

C. The challenges they face in work.

D. Their group’s previous research.

2.Why can the electronic system collect TV information?

A. It can combine all kinds of broadcast signals.

B. It can keep the waves with subtitles traveling.

C. It can work together with a variety of Braille lines.

D. It can pull out the subtitles and visual descriptions.

3.What does the author think of the future of the new technology?

A. Challenging. B. Bright.

C. Rewarding. D. Hopeless.

4.What should be a suitable title for the text?

A. New Technology Is Improving Deaf-blind People’s Life

B. A New Braille Line Is Applied to Disabled People’s Life

C. A Spanish Group Makes TV Accessible to Blind People

D. New Technology Helps Deaf-blind People “Watch” TV

 

    There are many programs for high school students today thathelp isolated teenagers cope with lonelinessHoweverloneliness is not only an issue for teens but also an important and rarely acknowledged one in the elderly

In BritainTracey Crouch was appointed to be the first Minister of Loneliness in order to address the issues caused by lonelinessThis is the first time such a position has been created

In Britainthere are around 9 million people who say they are lonely frequentlyIn Germanya study conducted by Ruhr University Bochum found that 20 percent of people over the age of 85 felt lonelyand 14 percent of those between age 45 and 65 felt socially isolatedIn the United Statesmore than 25 percent of the population lives alonemore than 50 percent are unmarried

Isolation is generally associated with cardiovascular diseasedepressionobesityand anxietyAdditionallythe stress from loneliness can cause your cells to change on a molecular(分子)level that reduces its abilities to defend your body against diseasesIn factdoctors believe having feelings of loneliness is equivalent to smoking 15 cigarettes per day in regard to its impact on health!

In Britainthe new Minister of Loneliness will help establish government policies on the issue and fund charities to devote their efforts towards aiding lonelinessThere are charities that link lonely seniors to high school students in order to give them a line of communication whenever they feel lonely!

The possibilities for the new Minister of Loneliness are endlessFor exampleshe can provide education services to household businesses so that they can identify lonely customers if they see oneLoneliness fits into the category of being a social issue that must be monitored by the entire community in order to help those in needHencegovernment involvement in medical services and care for seniors and others is essential for happy seniors

1.What’s the main idea of the passage?

A. UK becomes the capital of loneliness B. Loneliness affects old people’s life

C. Many teenagers suffer from loneliness D. UK appoints Minister of Loneliness

2.How did the writer develop the third paragraph?

A. By listing some specific numbers

B. By giving examples of lonely people

C. By pointing out similarities and differences

D. By comparing different cultures in different countries

3.What does the underlined words in Paragraph 4 mean?

A. Relevant B. Equal

C. Opposite D. Superior

4.What will the Minister of Loneliness do?

A. Do housework for lonely people

B. Develop friendships with the elderly

C. Help fund charities to aid lonely people

D. Communicate with depressed school students

 

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