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根据短文内容及所给提示,在文中的空白处填写一个正确的单词。 Nelson Man...

根据短文内容及所给提示在文中的空白处填写一个正确的单词。

Nelson Mandela was the former president of South Africa. He was one of the world's greatest1.(lead). In 1993, he 2.(win) the Noble Peace Prize.

Mandela 3.(be) born in a small village in Transkei in South Africa4.18 July, 1918. When he was 9, his father died of T.B.He had a difficult time 5. he was young. He was in prison (监狱) for 27 years, because he led the anti-apartheid movement (反种族隔离运动). He was 6.(allow) to leave the prison in 1990. Mandela was free. Then in 1994 he became president of South Africa.

Even in the 7. conditions when in prison, Mandela didn't give himself up. He did exercise every day and planted many vegetables. He loved 8.(he) country and devoted(奉献) all his lifetime to it. People 9.(choose) him as the greatest South African leader in 2004. He also did a lot for the peace of the world.

Mandela passed 10. in Johannesburg in 2013, at the age of 95.

 

1.leaders

2.won

3.was

4.on

5.when

6.allowed

7.worst

8.his

9.chose

10.away

【解析】

短文大意:本文是一篇人物传记,介绍了南非黑人领袖曼德拉奋斗的一生。曼德拉领导了南非的反种族隔离运动,1993年,他获得了诺贝尔和平奖,1994年成为南非总统,他热爱他的国家,并为之奉献了一生。2004年,被选为南非最伟大的领导人。

1.句意:他是世界上最伟大的领导人之一。one of……中的一个,后接复数名词。根据句意语境和英文提示,可知填leaders。

2.句意:1993年,他获得了诺贝尔和平奖。本句缺谓语动词,in 1993用于一般过去时;根据句意语境和英文提示,可知填won。

3.句意:1918718日,曼德拉出生于南非特兰斯凯的一个小村庄。be born出生于;根据句意语境和英文提示,可知用过去式,故填was。

4.句意:1918718日,曼德拉出生于南非特兰斯凯的一个小村庄。18 July, 1918.是一个具体的日期,需用介词on。根据句意结构和上下文提示,可知填on。

5.句意:他年轻的时候过得很艰难。本句是时间状语从句,根据句意结构和上下文提示,可知填when。

6.句意:他于1990年获准离开监狱。was + done表示被动结构,根据句意语境和英文提示,可知填allowed。

7.句意:即使在最恶劣的监狱环境中,曼德拉也没有放弃自己。conditions环境/处境,名词需用形容词修饰;根据句意结构和上下文提示,可知用bad的最高级,故填worst。

8.句意:他热爱他的国家,并为之奉献了一生。country国家,名词需用形容词性物主代词修饰;根据句意语境和英文提示,可知填his。

9.句意:2004年,人们选择他为南非最伟大的领导人。本句缺谓语动词,根据句意语境和英文提示,可知用过去式,故填chose。

10.句意:曼德拉于2013年在约翰内斯堡去世,享年95岁。pass away去世;根据句意结构和上下文提示,可知填away。

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